Fungal infection or ringworm or tinea: Dermatologist guide

Skin Infections

Fungal infection or ringworm or tinea: Dermatologist guide

Fungal infection of skin also called ringworm, tinea or daad is rising in India. It is not responding to treatments easily.

The main causes of the increase and resistance of fungal infections are:

  • Application of steroid creams on ringworm.
  • Overuse of antibiotics
  • Use of insecticide and pesticides has increased the level of fungal spores in the environment.
  • Fungal elements are not getting destroyed easily and are found to survive on toilets seats, bedding, shoes, clothes, nails etc.
  • Incomplete treatment.

Precautions to stop Ringworm:

Most important precaution is do not self medicate. Most tubes available at chemist shop have steroid that reduce itching and redness, but fungus increases. Steroid reduce your immunity. Once there is no fight between fungus and immunity, redness and itching goes. But fungus increase. this is reason when you stop steroid tube, fungus comes back even more severely.

In addition, avoid itching because this will lead to spread of fungal infection. Take anti-itching medicine like cetirizine to stop itching.

Wear loose cotton clothes that allow air circulation. Avoid tight cloths like jeans or leggings etc.

Wash and your clothes inside out. If possible, iron them before wearing.

Apply medicine 2 cm beyond the margins.

We have explained these precaution in videos given below, in English and Hindi:

Watch this video in English

Watch this video in Hindi:

I hope you would follow the instruction given in the above video. Please share this article with others and help us reduce the spread of fungal infection by stopping misuse of steroid creams.

Treatment of ringworm

It is absolutely important to take the medicine as prescribed by dermatologist. This course of anti-fungals might last for 1-3 months. Interestingly the old medicine like Fluconazole, clotrimazole, or miconazole are not showing much response. More so if you have applied steroids.

Itraconazole is the only medication that is effective. It has side effects. Do not take it without consulting doctor. In addition, you have to put 2 different anti-fungal creams namely luliconazole and amroloifine for 3 months continously.

Home remedies of fungus

Fungus tends to recur even after treatment, You can put mustard oil twice a day. It has anti-fungal action.

You can also make this oil to prevent recurrences by mixing following oils:

Mustard oil- 100ml

Tea tree oil- 5ml to 10 ml(reduce concentration if it irritates your skin)

Garlic oil 1 ml

Neem oil- 5 ml to 10 ml (reduce concentration if it irritates your skin)

Do not use this oil on active red lesion because it will irritate. Start it once air skin gets normal to prevent recurrences.


Dr Surbhi has many awards to her credit. She is a triple Gold medalist and university topper during her medical graduation. She is the founder of website  After spending 5 years overseas, Dr Surbhi has opened Dermatocare skin clinic in Panchkula with strong patient-oriented principles.

For an appointment with Dr Surbhi, please visit:

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