“Doctor, what are open pores? What is the treatment for open pores?”
Open pores are the dilated opening of oil glands concentrated mainly on T-zone and surrounding cheeks. Open pores look like small pits, giving your skin a dimpled appearance similar to an orange peel. Open pores impart an irregular, dull and aged look to your face.
They occur because of unchecked oil secretions at the younger age and get worse when your skin gets lax in old age. In this article, I have covered 3 important aspects of the open pores treatment:
- Skin care regime
- Home remedies
- Aesthetic procedures
Read further to understand what can be done by you to close open pores at home.
Unfortunately, there are no quick fixes for open pores. Therefore, patience is the key. Follow the skincare regime given below for at least 3 months before judging the response.
MORNING REGIME FOR OPEN PORES
Step 1 Face wash:
Open pores occur because of unchecked oil secretions, therefore it is important to use face wash that effectively removes oils from your skin, yet not overdry your skin. You can either:
- buy one of these oil control face wash.
- or make this homemade face wash for oily skin. It has one of the most potent natural oil absorber, Multani mitti or Fuller’s earth along with anti-acne ingredients like neem and tea tree oil.
- Do not wash face more than 3 times a day. Your face might look greasy few hours after washing your face, but, however tempting it might be, never wash your face more than three times a day because this can lead to oil rebound.
- If you still have excess oil secretion, use salicylic acid (<25 years of gae) or retnoids (>25 years of age) to control your oil secretions.
- Always pat dry your face instead of rubbing it vigorously with a towel because even friction can cause oil rebound.
Step 2 Toner:
Avoid using alchol based toner because they can break the natural barrier of skin. You shouls spray organic rose water and massage it untill it gets absorbed. This step will hydrate and soothe your skin. if you are not stepping outside in the sun, then need not apply anything on your skin because layering of products further increase your pores.
Step 3 Sunscreen:
Skip sunscreen, if you stay indoors because they clog pres. However, if you go outdoors, use lightweight sunscreen in the fluid, lotion or gel bease with a least SPF of 30. Check this list of sunscreens for oily skin.
Step 4 Makeup:
Here are some tips to use make-up:
- Use foundation or BB cream with salicylic acid, for example, Maybelline Dream Pure BB cream.
- Prefer thin or liquid foundation (that spreads easily) to cream or stick ones.
- Avoid layering of make-up products.
- Don’t try to hide your open pores with daily make-up rather restrict the same to important occasions.
- Do not forget to remove your makeup before sleeping.
Step 1 Face wash:
Do you slip into bed without washing your face? You are missing the opportunity of removing the dust and dirt accumulated over the day that can clog your pores further. So, never forget to wash your face at night! Use the same face wash as in the morning.
Step 2 Toner:
Spray rose water and maasage.
Step 3 Night cream:
Open pores occur because of unchecked oil secretions, therefore, you should control your oil sectertion with help of either salicylic acid or retinoids.
- Salicylic acid: Regular use of salicylic acid helps in reducing oil secretion, open pores and white/blackheads. If you are less than 25 years of age, you can incluse salicylic 2% serum in your night regime especially in humid weather. It will gently exfoiates your skin leading clean and brighter look to skin. Read this article to know which is best brand of salicylic acid and how to use it correctly.
- Retinoids: Once you cross 25 years of age, your skin gets lax which increase the appearance of open pores. Therefore, you should shift to retinoids that can help in reducing wrinkles, plumps up your skin, control oil sectretion, reduces open pores and fine lines on regular use. Read this article to know which is the best brand of retinoid and how to use them.
On weekend, you can boost up your oil control regime by doing two-step facial that involves scrubbing away the debris clogging your pores followed by an oil control face mask.
Step 1 Scrub:
Exfoliation removes dead cells that clog your pores. You can scrub your face once or twice a week with either:
- Dermalogica Daily Microfoliant scrub that has both chemical and physical exfoliants along with oil-controlling ingredients.
- Homemade scrub for oily skin that is made by combining brown sugar and aloe vera.
Step 2 Face pack:
Face pack allows ingredients to act on your skin over a long period of time. And when it comes to open pores, they are absolutely essential to tighten pores and absorbing extra oils. Normaderm Triple Action 3 In 1 Cleanser is a salicylic acid based 3-in-1 product that can be used both as scrub and face pack once or twice in a week. however, do not use it daily.
TREATMENT OF OPEN PORES
There are multiple options available with the dermatologists today to minimise open pores. However, studies regarding the effectiveness and response rate are still lacking. The treatment options to minimise open pores include:
Beta-hydroxy acid like salicylic can seep into the opening of sebaceous ducts and remove the keratin plug; thus help in reducing your open pores. Currently, many OTC face wash and toners with salicylic acid are available in the market as discussed earlier in this article. You can also consider fortnightly salicylic acid peels from the dermatologist, which is an excellent way to control oil secretions and decrease open pores.
Topical and oral retinoids help in reducing oil secretions and open pores. They are available both OTC and by prescription; later might be more effective.
There are a couple of lasers which might be effective in reducing open pores. These lasers induce collagen remodelling and have been used effectively in reducing bigger pits and craters on the skin caused by acne scars; however, its efficacy in open pores is still to be explored.
It is a simple but effective method to reduce large open pores; however, it has a downtime of 7-10 days. The procedure comprises of application of tri-chloro-acetic acid on the wall of open pores with a toothpick leading to the formation of the black scab on each of treated pores which fall off in 7-10 days. Results are good with 30-50% reduction in the size of pores, and repeated sessions can be done if required.
These might help in reducing open pores by collagen remodelling but are less effective than LASERS.
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