Understand Baby Eczema: Dermatocare’s baby/child care tips

Written By Dr Surbhi, MD Skin

Last updated: 03/10/18

The term ‘Atopic dermatitis (AD) or infantile eczema or baby eczema’ is no alien for parents who see their kids itching all the time.  Instead of taking tension, understand baby eczema and resort to avoiding these 6 common triggers to prevent baby eczema flare-ups.


 

What is baby Eczema or Atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Atopic dermatitis is part of the atopic state, in which the body is more prone to allergies. The allergy can manifest in the skin as Atopic dermatitis, in lungs as asthma (that is evident in forms of attacks of difficulty in breathing), in the nose as allergic rhinitis (that leads to frequent cold and sneezing), and in eyes as allergic conjunctivitis (with complaints of itching in eyes). Because atopic state runs in the family, usually one or many of the family members have either of these problems. 

 

What are the symptoms of Atopic dermatitis?

Dryness of skin, itching and rashes are the three prominent manifestations of Atopic Dermatitis. Itching is usually severe and occurs in episodes triggered by heat, low humidity, woollen and synthetic clothes, and sudden change in temperature. Rashes appear as red bumps; rarely fluid filled blisters and in chronic cases, skin turns brown and thick. Rashes usually occur on body folds like eyelids, neck, at the bend of arms, wrist, and back of the knees. In severe cases, the whole body may be involved.

 

What are the chances of inheritance of atopic dermatitis?

If one parent is affected, then there are 50% chances that the child might develop AD, but this percentage increases to 80% if both the parents are affected.

 

When will my child get better?

Most children show remission during adolescence, but they might continue to have eczema localized to hands, eyes, ears, etc. during adulthood as well.  Thus, professions that involve contact with chemicals like hairdressers, artisans, cookery, chemical industries, etc. should be avoided.

 

How to treat eczema? 

Parents should visit a Dermatologist as soon as their child experiences flare instead of self-medication. It is important to recognize and remove the trigger of AD along with medicines. Your dermatologist might prescribe: 

  • Anti-bacterial and anti-viral, if there are signs of infection.
  • Anti-histaminic syrup to reduce itching and help to put your irritated child to sleep.
  • Most of the mild cases settle with the application of topical steroids only.
  • Oral steroids and even admission may be required in the severe case.
  • Recurrent cases may be put on tacrolimus and pimecrolimus.
  • In rare cases, immunomodulators like cyclosporine may be needed.

Most importantly, follow your dermatologist’s advice regarding the proper use of medicines and don’t use steroids by yourself, as there are side effects associated with chronic use of steroids. With few simple yet crucial steps, you can combat this problem successfully.

FURTHER READING

 


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